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Table 3 Candidate reference genes for normalization and their expression stability values calculated by NormFinder

From: In search of suitable reference genes for gene expression studies of human renal cell carcinoma by real-time PCR

Ranking order Gene Stability value
1 PPIA 0.074
2 TBP 0.123
3 ACTB 0.199
4 HMBS 0.301
5 SDHA 0.308
6 HPRT1 0.402
7 GAPDH 0.436
8 RPLPO 0.453
9 ALAS1 0.481
10 TUBB 0.514
  1. A low stability value as an estimate of the combined intra- and intergroup variation of the respective gene corresponds to a high expression stability of the respective gene between the matched malignant and non-malignant samples.