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Table 2 Putative transcription binding sequences in upstream region of refractory and susceptible strains of A. culicifacies that are homologous to insect immune responsive genes and vertebrate family.

From: Transcriptional analysis of an immune-responsive serine protease from Indian malarial vector, Anopheles culicifacies

Putative binding sequences Refractory strain Position (from-to) Susceptible strain Position (from-to)
Arthropod initiator 547–551 691–695 547–551 691–695
Hepatic nuclear factor 5 237–242 408–413 237–242 408–413
GATA Factors (1, 2 and 3) 664–676, 356–368, 512–524, 266–278, 366–378, 206–218, 507–519 36–376, 664–676, 511–523, 115–127, 172–184, 201–213, 506–518
Interferon Consensus Response Elements (Icre) 399–405 60–66, 68–74, 181–187, 404–410, 522–528, 532–538
Mammalian Type I-Interleukin Response Element (Nf-I16) 48–56 350–358 399–398 600–608
Nuclear Factor Endothelial Leucocyte Adhesion Molecule (NF-ELAM1) 544–550 544–550
Nf-Kappa B Absent Absent